1. Koshi River : This is biggest river of Nepal. Sunkoshi, Dudhkoshi, Tamakoshi, Arun, Tamor, Likhu are the main supporter river of Koshi river. This river called in India Damodar river. In India for this river also says Bihar’s sad because this river destroys many sources always in year.
2. Gandaki River : It is the deepest river of Nepal and Kali Gandaki, Budhi Gandaki, Seti Gandaki, Madi, Daraudi, Marshyandi & Trisuli are main supporter of its. In Terai Region of Nepal it’s called Narayani river.
3. Karnali River : It is the largest river of Nepal. Main supporter river of its are Humla Karnali, Mugu Karnali, Dhuli Bheri, Sani Bheri, Seti, Tila & Budhi Ganga. Its called as Ghagara river in India.
Tourism is related to travelling and travelling is naturally a human character. Man needs change and travel provides the change. The great American writer Mark Twain has aptly said that even heaven can be boring after a while. Ravel has had a fascination for man. He has been travelling throughout the ages. During that time travel was there but ‘tourism’ was no there. Because travel was not undertaken for the purpose of pleasure all that time and their motive was not to seek holiday from the routine work. The primary move of their travel was trade and commerce or pilgrimage or to explore. The basic concept of tourism ‘pleasure at leisure’ was was not there. When people learned to ravel for pleasure, the concept of tourism started. Learning to differentiate between work and leisure creates tourism. So tourism is related o the movement of people from one place to another in leisure time for the purpose of getting pleasure.
‘Tourism’ the word was not appear until the early 19th century in English language. The word was derived from French language ‘tourisme’. The literal meaning is ‘the practice of touring or travelling’. Tourism is the most recent and significant phenomena of modern times.
It is related to service. The Oxford dictionary defines the word ‘tourism’ as organising touring or services for tourists. It involves three basic elements : tour, tourist and to organise a business to provide the travel related services. It is service industry operated to facilitate the tour for the tourists.
Some author describes tourism as a system. As a system consists of four interrelated parts :
To understand ‘tourism’ it is necessary to know about the various components, which together make tourism. It is made of 4A’s as follows
-Accessibility that is transport
In 1942, two Swiss professors Walter Hunziker and Kurt Krapf defined tourism as :
“ Tourism is the sum of the phenomena and relationship arising from the travel and stay of non resident, in so far as they do not lead to permanent resident and are not connected with any earning activity.”
It is most Fascinating country in the world. It is Naturally Beautiful landlocked country not man-made only. Here we can reach various kinds of area when we travel to Nepal.
Nepali people are very fanciful and they automatic welcome for you, us. When you do not know Nepali language also that’s not any problem in Nepal. Mainly more and more people have known different language that’s spoken in the world. If they do not know your or my language it’s not transpired any problem to travel Nepal. Because their expression and feelings you can urgently understood by their smile. Now, in this globalization Nepali people are also traveling different area so various different kinds of language which people speak in different countries, area, place, and all the languages are entered on Nepal. It is the most beautiful country in comparison to the other country because of natural scenes & beauty like; lakes, caves, mountains, cultures, temples, rivers, environments, jungles (wilds part or forest area), & the people of Nepal. In area it says small country of 1,47,181 square kilometers where 22 million people are livening. It is surrounded by the two economically developed countries India (from three sides South, East & West) & China (Tibet) (from the North).
Divided into three geographical regions:
• Himalayan Region (15%)
• Mid Hilly Region (68%)
• Terai Region (17%)
Nepal is called the deepest country because here are top 8 mountains among top 10 mountains. They are as follows;
Kali Gandaki is the deepest gorge in between Dhaulagiri & Annapurna. It is only more than 0.03 % areas of this world but has the highest number of flora & fauna, which 10 % of world. It has rated the 2nd ultimate destination after the Switzerland. It is familiar as the “Melting Point of Asia.”
Hence, Nepal had potentiality & had some beautiful places to visit & enjoy the tour.
Some place of interest is:
Kathmandu (Valley): It has the highest number of world heritage sites. Valley is saying as a temples place. It has 7 world heritage sites with many other mountains views point which has supported to develop tourism.
Likewise in Kathmandu the other potentialities are:
Kathmandu Durbar Square: Kathmandu means the capital city of Nepal. After medieval Pagoda “Kasthmandap” the meaning wooden houses named it as a Kathmandu. We can visit the house of Kumari (living Goddess), Dhoka, and many other fascinating temples & bazaar in the area.
Pashupatinath : It is located on the edge of the holy Bagmati River where the creation ghosts are situated.. It is most sacred of all Hindu temples dedicated o big Shiva.
Swaymbhunath : It is also familiar as “Monkey Temple”. It is said to be more than 2000 years old & the oldest stupas in the world.
Bhaktapur: City of Devotees is also called as Bhadgaon. There are fascinating architectural show pieces the lion gate, golden gate & palace of 55 windows. In the tumid Square, one can visit the seventeen century pagoda, Nytapol, the tallest & the best example of a Pagoda.
Boudhanath: The world largest Buddhist stupa is the sites of great venation for Himalayan Buddhists. Being on the old Tibet-Nepal trading route & many Tibetans livening around the area, there are monasteries of the different sets of Tibetan Buddhism being built. Walking around the stupa will give one a glimpse of Tibet.
Patan: It is the headquarters of Lalitpur. The city of an art & architecture is said o be one of the oldest & most beautiful medieval cities of the world. This is the wonderful place where artists & artisan created great art & beautiful temples in the Durbar Square.
Nagarkot: Near 32 kilometers from Kathmandu when we drive. It’s an altitude of 2175 kilometers to the east. People stay there for over night & enjoy the sunset & rise.
Pokhara: Pokhara is 200 kilo meters west from Kathmandu at an alleviation of 3000 feet’s. It has a rose combination of the long rays of snowed peaks, crystal clean lakes, Panasonic Annapurna Mountain & warm climate, which remains favorable all the year around the monsoon raises are strongest from June to August & other months are relatively dry. It has the beautiful Phewa Lake, Seti River, Mahendra Cave, Sarangkot for sunrise, David Falls etc.
Lumbini: Gautam Buddha’s birthplace name was Kapilbastu or Lumbini zone. It is near about 30 kilo meters from Bhairahawa & 250 kilo meters southwest away from Kathmandu. “Ashoka” pillar was expected in 249 B.C. by the Emperor Ashoka. The most important part of Lumbini is the temple of Maya Devi.
Janakpur: It stands out as the clearest & most attractive among all the towns of the Terai..
It is situated in subtropical inner low lands of the inner Terai. It covers an area of 931 square kilometers. The part has been declared as world Heritage site in 1984. The park is a home for one-horned Rhinoceros, huge number of Tigers, Gorilla, Gigantic and Dolphin are some of the extra features in the park.
Thus, likewise different & many more places of interest in Nepal & has its own value
as individually. So, for tourism industry, it’s needed to make more attractive and protect the natural sites such that the tourist interest and enjoy.